To see a person taking in the wonders of the sky is a rare sight when all but a few are staring at their smartphone. What is our preoccupation with gadgets? Andy Clark and David Chalmers put forward The Extended Mind thesis in the late-1990s, back in the days when smartphones didn’t exist. The central tenet of the thesis is that our minds, thoughts and memory are not confi ned to our head, but can be extended to the tools and instruments around us. Smartphones can store phone numbers, ad...
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